Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the precise language we have to understand what exactly language means. For a layman I’d call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language will not be just the alternate of words rather it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This might be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In numerous times the modes of communication among the mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to express refers to language. It contains the words which might be unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages will be studied in detail by the research of nations and tribes. There has been a strong impact of languages on the cultural conduct of nations all around the world. Languages have evolved ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago completely different modes of communication had been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It’s completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural selection”, so long as we realize that there isn’t a substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a belief that there’s some naturalistic rationalization for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can’t trace back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages were formed and adjusted gradually. Languages have rapidly modified as well. The greatest reason of change in language is due to socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show rapid changes. The cultures which are remoted in a tribe or in a geographical space show a gradual change in language. If there is a lack of interplay there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and culture

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would don’t have any development of language. Language will not be the invention of isolation; fairly it is the creation of socialization. For every creating, developed or grown culture there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having totally different dialects. Their languages developed into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu in the present time. Urdu is a spinoff of a number of languages which were spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers had been:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word which means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution within the language Urdu has resulted due to the interaction of different dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language contains Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was developed to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary part, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims within the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear difference within the two languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit didn’t have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims within the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu grew to become the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a robust impact on the tradition of India and additional revolutionized the language to present a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These have been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule within the subcontinent words of English also grew to become a part of it. This change was not that apparent as a result of clash with their rule.

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