The goal of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from different tongues. Because of the fundamental adjustments to our language, to say that English people at this time speak Trendy English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The actual fact is that we now speak a global language. The Anglish project is meant as a means of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.
The goal of the Anglish project differs from person to person, however mostly it is to explore and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural wants, and but for others it is purely an fascinating diversion or pastime. Language performs a big role in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and form it to our own wants or needs is very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive end in itself, in as a lot as it provides an other outlet for this need.
But there’s additionally the further concept that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of contemporary English. For, although it has borrowed 1000’s and thousands of words all through its life, there still exists a real English core to English, a very powerful on a regular basis words which no sentence or uttering might handle without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us higher appreciate that core and the function it plays in our language.
One of the best way to find out where a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most first rate desktop dictionaries will include short etymologies for a lot of of their entries, which give a little knowledge of the place the word arose from, and the way it was used or written within the past. Some on-line dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such because the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The On-line Etymology Dictionary is perhaps the most effective available online.
But these will only tell from where and when a word came into English, but not whether it ought to be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and really basic words, equivalent to ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are indeed borrowed from Latin, yet nobody would say these words are not English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed relatively lately.
The place to draw the line between English and ‘borrowed’ is but an different space of personal choosing, and there are many views on this among Anglish proponents. A really broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek in the last eight hundred years should be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was brought into English to fill a real want or gap in vocabulary ought to be kept, but these words borrowed to “adorn” or “enrich” the language but in reality push out current words, needs to be weeded.
Are there actually that many borrowed words in English?
Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from completely different languages during the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, however only about 25% of the words in English immediately derive from such a root, and that features these of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. That may sound like many, one in each four words, however not a lot when one thinks that Latin and French each account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an different 6% of words, with the final 10% being from other languages, derived from personal names, or just unknown.
Nonetheless, as mentioned earlier, the core of the English language still principally consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.
When a word is taken out from English, where do replacement words come from?
There are numerous roots for words to exchange these which have been removed from English. Typically, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can simply be switched for ‘on a regular basis’ and ‘unlawful’ without dropping which means or intelligibility. When there is not a readily available English word to be used, a new word must be found or made. Some old or obscure words can be introduced back to life and reused; new words can be calqued from English morphemes using the old word’s pattern; other times wholly new words, “neologisms,” may be put together from present words and affixes. None of those strategies are right or flawed, however every has its stead in making a wide and varied lexicon for Anglish, and every is used in line with the context and particular wants of a word.